Category Archives: Mutual funds

investing into mutual funds

How to invest in Equity Mutual funds?

If you do not want to take the risk of dabbling in individual stocks and firmly believe that equity investments is one sure way of beating inflation and building wealth for long-term, Equity Mutual funds which are managed by professional investors is the right choice for you.

What is Equity Mutual fund?

mf2Equity Mutual Funds typically have more than 70% of the fund invested in stocks, most of them hold any where between 30 to 50 stocks. There are several types of Equity Mutual Funds, ranging from large cap to mid cap/small cap and sector based funds. It is managed by professionals who has expertise in assessing the balance sheets and access to market research in related areas. Mutual fund managers also follow various checks and balances including not any individual stocks exceeding say X% of portfolio and buying stocks across sectors, so that performance is well-balanced and risk is minimized.

Which fund should I buy?

While there are hundreds of funds which invest in stocks, fund choice is entirely dependent on the risk profile and time period for which you are looking to invest. Typically Continue reading

Why every mutual fund investor should care about expense Ratio?

expense-Img1Expense Ratio includes fund management fees, marketing or selling expenses, transaction costs, Investor communication costs, custodian fees and register fees. Expenses Ratio is calculated as a percentage of the fund’s average Net Asset Value(NAV). The daily NAV that is published is after deducting the expense ratio.

For an actively Managed fund, SEBI imposed certain limits on expense ratio(Below table has the summary for equity funds). For debt funds, the expense ratio allowed is 0.25 percent points lower than equity funds. Service tax on fund management charges is also passed on to the investors, which adds to the expense Ratio.

Corpus(AUM)Cost as % of AUM
First ₹100 Cr2.5%
Next ₹300 Cr2,25%
Next ₹300 Cr2 %
Balance Corpus1.75%

Why is it important?

For Most of the mutual funds expense ratio is between 2 and 3%, which may not be high if the funds are delivering 25 to 30 percent returns, but when the funds return comes down to single digit or low double-digit, this expense ratio will hurt as it becomes a quarter of your return :( , if you consider compounding over long-term, this can have a cascading effect.

In the above chart, you can see what a difference of 1% can make over a period of 20 or 30 years. If you invest in two funds with a monthly SIP of 10K each, with 1.5% and 2.5% expense ratio, assuming both funds return give around 15% CAGR, you end up with  1.25Cr more in the fund with 1% less expense Ratio, which is not a paltry sum even considering Inflation over 30 year period :-)

Should it be the only criteria in choosing a mutual fund?

No. A fund with excellent track record charging 2.5% might be better than the fund with average track record charging 1.5%, choosing the later over earlier one might save some money, but if you consider Compounding benefits and the long-term opportunity cost, earlier choice might work better.

Is there an alternative?

Global investors are migrating to index funds, which are not actively managed, but comprises of mainly index stocks and expense ratios are significantly less, compared to actively manged mutual funds, this might happen in India too over a time period.

Expense Ratio is in addition to the exit load charged by mutual funds(only if you exit before certain period of time, 12 to 24 months), entry loads are banned by SEBI.

Happy investing!

Why should you care about Inflation?

inf3It’s a useful paradox: By learning more about how money affects our lives, we can make sure it doesn’t take over our lives, and by learning how to look after our financial capital, we can also take better care of our human capital. Inflation is the evil that we cannot control, but we need to consider it in our financial planning either it is for our retirement or for children’s education. Continue reading

5 Key Takeaways for Common Man from 2015 Budget!

bud33While some experts claim that this year’s budget is pragmatic, others say it is pro-corporate budget with nothing much for common man, except for additional taxes and no change in tax slabs (which is important for Indian middle class). I think it is a balanced budget with a long-term vision and addresses couple of key areas for the Indian middle class: more exemptions for long-term savings towards retirement and curbing black money. Continue reading

 Amazing Power of Compound Interest?

ci7 The most powerful force on the internet is Compound Interest  Albert Einstein.

The Single big investment mistake you can make is not starting early, power of compounding can be your ally in the financial battle with an evil force called inflation :-)


To illustrate further, let us consider a couple of examples.

1. One saver (Ram) who starts early (age 25), invests Rs 10,000 every month, until he reaches 35 and stops investing. Continue reading